Chufa Sedge Cyperus esculentus

Scientific Name: Cyperus esculentus (Cyperaceae).

English Name: Chufa Sedge; Nut Grass; Yellow Nutsedge; Tiger Nut Sedge; Earth Almond; Chufa Flatsedge; Yellow Nutgrass.

French Name: Souchet comestible (='edible sedge'); Souchet sucré (='sweet sedge'); Souchet tubéreux (='tuberous sedge'); Amande de terre (='earth almond'); Souchet sultan (='sultan sedge').

5 Key Characters:
  • up to 90 cm high.
  • triangular stems.
  • narrow leaves (3 - 10 mm wide).
  • seeds flat and oval.
  • seedheads distinctive, with 4 bracts (leaf like) at right angles to each other.

Lookalikes: When young the species can be mistaken for the grasses Cocksfoot Dactylis glomerata or Couch Elymus repens, but grasses do not have triangular stems.

Habitat: Moist sandy soil such as river sands eg along the Loire. Takes advantage of soil disturbance.

Flowering Period:

Status: Invasive alien.

Photographed by Loire Valley Nature:


  1. Cypère doré[e] which in Latin would be Cyperus aureus doesn't seem to exist since I could not find it anywhere on the Net. On the other hand, Wikipedia and others give souchet tubéreux, souchet sucré, souchet sultan, amande de terre, gland de terre, noix tigrée ou pois sucré as common French names for Cyperus Esculentus.

    1. Hmm, you are right. Tela Botanica doesn't list Cypère doré as a name for this species. I've written it in my notes for this species which I made on the outing when this was photographed, so someone must have referred to it in that way. Perhaps I misunderstood and thought they were referring to it by name rather than describing it. I don't know, I can't remember. I'll change the entry.

    2. Cypère doré could be a good neologism for Yellow Nutsedge !